In Key Stage 1 children develop skills using a range of mapping resources and learn to navigate using simple compass directions. They explore the local area and look at a small part of the UK and contrast it with a non-European location. They also learn to locate the capital cities on a map and name the seven continents and the five oceans. Time is spent studying weather patterns in the UK and learning where the hot and cold parts of the world are in relation to the equator.
In Key Stage 2 knowledge and understanding is extended beyond the local area and into places around the world. Children learn about geographical regions and their physical and human characteristics. The significance of longitude, latitude, Arctic and Antarctic circles and time zones is also explored. In physical geography, volcanoes, mountains and earthquakes are investigated. In human geography, trade links and the distribution of natural resources are considered. Children learn to use the eight points of a compass, four and six-figure grid references, symbols and keys to build their knowledge of the United Kingdom and the wider world. They enjoy rural residential trips during Key Stage 2.